Salmon Lane, Limehouse, London
Salmon Lane is a historic road in the Limehouse district of London, which has been a public highway since at least the 15th century. The road was originally named "Salmon's Lane" and was sometimes known as "Sermon Lane", as it was the principal route from Limehouse to Stepney parish church.
In an article published in The Strand in July 1905, George R. Sims — author of the play The Great Day, which was the first film Alfred Hitchcock worked on — described the area:
Limehouse off the main thoroughfares is a village in which everybody knows everybody else's business, or hastens to learn it at the earliest possible opportunity.
[...] the view at the bridge is one which appeals strongly both to my colleague and myself, and making our way by Church Row, a lane of old-fashioned little houses with green gardens in front of them, we come presently to Salmon Lane, the great market street of the district, which is densely packed from end to end with a Saturday marketing crowd. Here are soldiers and sailors in plenty, a few Lascars and Chinamen, Irish hawkers, and a sprinkling of foreign Jews.
At the end of Salmon Lane, where the crowd has ceased, for the market boundary is passed, we are astonished to see the legend 'Real Turtle Soup' in the windows of a warehouse.
But this warehouse is one of the largest depots for turtles in London. It is here that they are brought straight from the docks, and this warehouse supplies many of the famous London firms who furnish the City and the West with its calipash and calipee.
In 1915, author Thomas Burke wrote:
Salmon Lane on a Saturday night is very much like any other shopping centre in the more humane quarters of London. Shops and stalls blaze and roar with endeavour. The shops, by reason of their more respectable standing, affect to despise stalls, but when it comes to competition it is usually stalls first and shops hanging round the gate. The place reeks of naphtha, human flesh, bad language, and good-nature. Newly-killed rabbits, with their interiors shamelessly displayed, suspend themselves around the stalls while their proprietors work joyfully with a chopper and a lean-bladed knife.
[...] In one ear a butcher yells a madrigal concerning his little shoulders. In the other a fruit merchant demands to know whether, in all your nacheral, you ever see anything like his melons. Then a yard or so behind you an organ and cornet take up their stand and add "Tip-perary" to the swelling symphony. But human ears can receive so much, and only so much, sound; and clapping your hands over your ears, you seek the chaste seclusion, for a few minutes, of the saloon of "The Black Boy," or one of the many fried-fish bars of the Lane.
The Hitchcocks and Salmon Lane
Sometime between 1906 and July 1908, the Hitchcock family moved from Leytonstone to a fishmongery at 175 Salmon Lane, Limehouse. The property would have likely consisted of a ground floor shop with three upper floors.
Along with the shop at 175, William Hitchcock also took over the lease of 130 Salmon Lane, where fried fish was sold. It seems likely that the surplus fish which failed to sell at the fishmongery during the day would then be fried — possibly with a spicy batter — and sold during the evening.
Although properties on Salmon Lane frequently came up for auction, it's more likely that William would have entered into a multi-year leasehold tenancy for both shops.
Biographer Patrick McGilligan claimed in Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light that the family lived above the fried fish shop at number 130. However, the 1911 Census return confirms that the family lived at 175, as do the telephone directories from the period 1908 to 1914. The confusion may have arisen from the fact that William Hitchcock listed himself as residing at both addresses on the Electoral Register.
The January 1913 London Telephone Directory lists William's fishmongery, along with his brothers Alfred and John:
By the time the Hitchcocks moved to Limehouse, this part of East London was a busy trading area, popular with foreign sailors. A large Chinese community had established itself in the district and in nearby Shadwell.
The Regent's Canal Dock, where cargo was unloaded from merchant ships and transferred to canal narrowboats, was close to the southern end of Salmon Lane, which would have provided a steady stream of fresh produce for the businesses in the area. About a mile to the east was Billingsgate Fish Market, at one time the largest fish market in the world, where William Hitchcock would have likely bought most of his stock.
By October 1910, Alfred Hitchcock's parents had enrolled the 11-year-old at St. Ignatius College, situated at Stamford Hill, 6 miles north of Salmon Lane.
A street directory from the early 1920s shows that the neighbouring shops to the two that were owned by William Hitchcock included butchers, grocers, dressmakers, shoe makers, drapers and chemists.
It's unclear what happened to both shops following the death of William Hitchcock in 1914. Hitchcock biographers imply that Alfred's older brother William John took over the businesses. However, no archival records were found to link the Hitchcocks to Salmon Lane after the July 1914 telephone directory entry. Certainly by 1919, William John was living on the other side of the River Thames at 239 Old Kent Road.
Biographer Patrick McGilligan states that Alfred Hitchcock moved out from Salmon Lane sometime around 1916 and lived in a flat in a property owned by one of his uncles. It's unclear if Emma Jane Hitchcock remained at Salmon Lane, moved in with either William John or Ellen Kathleen — who were both married by then — or returned to live closer to her relatives in Stratford. However, by the time Alfred married Alma Reville and was living at 153 Cromwell Road, Emma Jane was living nearby — first at 19 Edith Villas and then at 19 Gunterstone Road.
Therefore, it seems the most likely scenario is that the leases on both Salmon Lane properties were cancelled in the months following William Hitchcock's death.
Several properties on Salmon Lane were damaged during the 1917-18 Blitz of London.
During the early script-writing sessions for Frenzy (1972), Hitchcock told writer Anthony Shaffer that he intended to open the film with a dissolve from a map showing the route of Regent's Canal — which passes close to Salmon Lane before flowing into Limehouse Basin — to a helicopter shot following the canal. The sequence would end with the discovery of a woman's corpse in the water, strangled with a stocking. During further writing sessions, the decision was made to use the more iconic River Thames and Tower Bridge.
Why did the Hitchcocks move to Salmon Lane?
The common belief is that William Hitchcock had outgrown his greengrocery in Leytonstone and that the move to Limehouse was a business progression and expansion. However, there are a number of factors which call that into question:
- William Hitchcock died in 1914 without leaving a will or any sizeable assets.
- Although it is claimed that William's son (William John Hitchcock) took over the running of the two shops after his father's death, the historical records imply that the leases on the Salmon Lane properties were soon relinquished. William had had a telephone installed at 175 Salmon Lane, but the telephone directory entries cease after his death.
- In Hitchcock in Context, Stephane Duckett notes that the move from Leytonstone to this rough area of London's East End was very much a step down the social ladder for the family.
A possible scenario which fits the known facts, and also statements made by Patrick McGilligan in his biography of Alfred Hitchcock, is that William Hitchcock struggled to be as successful as his brothers — particularly John who later established John Hitchcock Ltd — and occasionally relied on their financial help. As his brothers moved more exclusively into the fishmongery business and away from greengrocery, they encouraged William to also make the move.
Fishmonger Benjamin Blayney was known to William's brothers (Blayney's stores later became part of John Hitchcock Ltd) and when Blayney made the decision to move from Salmon Lane to larger premises in Stratford, William Hitchcock was encouraged to take over the lease of 175 Salmon Lane and 130 Salmon Lane (perhaps with financial support from John). Both properties had formerly been leased by Blayney. McGilligan notes that William Hitchcock was a drinker and the close proximity of their house to several pubs, including the Copenhagen Tavern, may have resulted in William drinking away his profits.
Following William's death in 1914, it seems likely that the leases on the two properties were soon cancelled and that widow Emma Jane moved back to the Stratford or Leytonstone area where her family still lived, possibly taking the teenage Alfred with her. Her daughter, Ellen Kathleen, seemingly moved to the Fulham district following William's death.
Another link found during research is that of William Powell Griffiths who is linked to 177/9 Salmon Lane during the period 1889-1905 and also to 75 Tower Bridge Road (1902-1908). The latter address was close to 79 Tower Bridge Road, a shop owned by William's brother Alfred.
175 Salmon Lane
In September 1875, The Times carried a property auction announcement which included 175 Salmon Lane.
Prior to the Hitchcocks moving into the property, the preceding Census returns show that 175 had previously been a tobacconist store for at least 40 years, before being turned into a greengrocery and fishmongery:
- 1871 — Stationery and tobacconist store run by Charles Birkett (aged 56) and wife Susannah (aged 46). Charles appears to have been running the shop since at least the 1850s.
- 1881 — Newsvendor run by Charles Birkett's son, also named Charles (aged 29), and his wife Emma (aged 24). The Birketts had both grown up in Limehouse and, before the next census took place, Charles moved his shop to the nearby 2 Copenhagen Place.
- In January 1887, the Police Intelligence reported that 13-year-old Mary Ann Ludlow, a servant employed by the family, was found guilty of stealing "several purses, containing money and articles of jewellery" from the Birkett's. All the stolen articles were returned and the judge ordered her "to be sent to an industrial school".
- 1891 — Greengrocery run by Isaac Archer and his family. Isaac had grown up on Salmon Lane and his father, James Archer (b. 1828), owned a fishmongery at 35 Salmon Lane in the 1860s. James too had grown up in Limehouse.
- 1901 — Fishmongery owned by the Benjamin Blayney and family, who owned other similar stores in the area.
In April 1893, the London Standard carried an auction advertisement for 175 Salmon Lane — a "freehold house and shop" — with a lease price of £36. It seems likely that this was when Benjamin Blayney turned the shop into a fishmongery.
The son of a greengrocer, Benjamin Blayney (b. ~1853) is also listed as the owner of 124 Salmon Lane between 1895 and 1903, and the owner of 173 Salmon Lane in 1904. Prior to 1895, he was a fishmonger at 4 Victoria Road, Hackney. He was married in 1877 to Amelia Simmons (b. ~1856), they had at least nine children and two of his sons also became fishmongers. By the time of the 1911 Census, the Blayney's had moved to 358 High Street, Stratford, and this fishmongery later became part of John Hitchcock Ltd. He died in October 1917, leaving effects worth £9,216.
William Hitchcock wasn't the first person with that surname to trade on Salmon Lane:
- Alfred Edwin Hitchcock (b. ~1842)
Born in Sudbury, Suffolk, was working as a draper at 163 Salmon Lane in the 1870s with his wife Sarah Elizabeth Hitchcock (b. ~1840) née Smith and children Alice Sarah Caroline (b. 1864) and Alfred E. (b. ~1871). They had two further children — Elizabeth Jane (b. 1874) and Charles (b. ~1874). By 1881, Alfred Edwin was a draper at 79 Rathbone Street, West Ham. The family then moved to 193 Green Street, Bethnal Green, where they appear on the 1891 and 1901 Censuses. Alfred Edwin's ancestors came from Sudbury and Great Tey, Essex, which raises the possibility he was very distantly related to William Hitchcock.
- Frederick William Hitchcock (b. ~1846)
Born in Luton, Bedfordshire, and no relation to William Hitchcock, Frederick William ran a greengrocery at 179 Salmon Lane in the late 1880s with his wife, Agnes Margaret Hitchcock (b. ~1847) née Beattie.
The 1911 Census return for 175 Salmon Lane lists William (48), his wife Emma (46), daughter Ellen (18) and son Alfred (11) living at the property, along with two servants Louisa Kelsey (61) and Ellen Snow (21).
By 1921, number 175 was still operating as a fishmongery and was run by Reginald Parsons.
The block containing number 175 saw extensive redevelopment after the Second World War and the property was likely demolished sometime around 1960.
The neighbouring property, 177, was leased to boot dealer G. Searle in the 1880s (he declared himself bankrupt in 1887) and then to greengrocer Issac Archer, who declared himself bankrupt in November 1893 (he died in 1899).
130 Salmon Lane
The 1911 Census return for 130 Salmon Lane shows that 43-year-old Herbert J. Pelling (occupation "fish spicer") was living there with his wife Rose (47) and daughter Bertha Rosina Pelling (10).
For at least 30 years until 1904, 130 Salmon Lane had been a draper's shop owned by George Hay Scruby and his wife Susannah. The shop likely turned into a fish shop after George's death in 1904, as the couple had no children to take over the business.
In April 1905, the London Standard carried an auction advertisement for 130 & 134 Salmon Lane.
By 1921, number 175 was still operating as a fried fish shop and was run by Charles Henry Phillips.
The terraced row where number 130 once stood was also demolished around 1960 and replaced with a new row of properties. It appears the street numbering was partly retained and, fittingly, 130-32 is currently home to a cash & carry greengrocer and fishmonger.
This map from 1896 shows number 130 shaded in red and the most likely location of number 175 shaded in green. William's daughter, Ellen Kathleen, married Harry Lee whose family ran the public house — the Copenhagen Tavern — located a few doors down from 175.
The following historic archive maps of the surrounding area are available to download. These are large image files and may take some time to download fully.
- 1896 (1:1,056 scale) — 13,326×9,219 pixels
- 1916 (1:2,500 scale) — 10,217×9,230 pixels
Shop currently at 130–32 Salmon Lane:
Archive Record Entries
130 Salmon Lane
- 1869 Kelly's Directory — William Giles (linendraper)
- 1878 Electoral Register until 1904 — George Scruby
- 1880 Kelly's Directory — George Hayes Scruby (linendraper)
- 1881 Census — George H. Scruby (draper) and Susannah Scruby
- 1891 Census — George H. Scruby (fitter) and Susannah Scruby
- 1901 Census — George H. Scruby (draper) and Susan Scruby
- 1904 Electoral Register — final entry for George Scruby
- 1907 Kelly's Directory — Benjamin Blayney (fried fish shop)
- 1908 Kelly's Directory — Benjamin Blayney (fried fish shop)
- 1910 Kelly's Directory — William Hitchcock (fried fish shop)
- 1911 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1912 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1912 Kelly's Directory — William Hitchcock (fried fish shop)
- 1913 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1914 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1915 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock (abode given as 175 Salmon Lane)
- 1921 Street Directory — Charles Henry Phillips (fried fish shop)
- 1930 Electoral Register — Herbert Phillips, Elizabeth Phillips, Charles Henry Phillips and Christina Harber
175 Salmon Lane
- 1869 Kelly's Directory — Charles Birkett (stationer)
- 1880 Kelly's Directory — Charles Birkett (stationer)
- 1901 Census — B. Blayney (fishmonger) and family
- 1904 Electoral Register until 1909 — Benjamin Blayney
- 1905 Kelly's Directory — Mrs. Amelia Blayney (fishmonger)
- 1906 Kelly's Directory — Mrs. Amelia Blayney (fishmonger)
- 1906 Telephone Directory — B. Blayney (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1907 Kelly's Directory — Mrs. Amelia Blayney (fishmonger)
- 1907 Telephone Directory — B. Blayney (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1908 Kelly's Directory — Mrs. Amelia Blayney (fishmonger)
- 1908 Telephone Directory — B. Blayney (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1909 Electoral Register — final entry for Benjamin Blayney
- 1909 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1910 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1910 Kelly's Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger)
- 1910 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1910 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1911 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock (abode given as 130 Salmon Lane)
- 1911 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1912 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1912 Kelly's Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger)
- 1912 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1913 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1913 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1914 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1914 Telephone Directory — William Hitchcock (fishmonger), telephone EAST 3332
- 1915 Electoral Register — William Hitchcock
- 1921 Street Directory — Reginald Parsons (fishmonger)
- 1930 Electoral Register — James William Mills and Nellie Mills
- 1939 Electoral Register — James William Mills and Ellen Rosina Mills
Copenhagen Tavern, 183 Salmon Lane
- 1854 Electoral Register — Nathaniel Brooks
- 1856 Kelly's London Directory — Nathaniel Brooks
- 1857 Electoral Register — Nathaniel Brooks
- 1859 Kelly's London Directory — Nathaniel Brooks
- 1869 Kelly's London Directory — John Evans
- 1880 Kelly's London Directory — John Frances Taylor
- 1881 Census — Walter Mitchell (b. ~1852) and wife Mary J. Mitchell (b. ~1853)
- 1891 Census — James Born (b. ~1855) and wife Charlotte Born (b. ~1866)
- 1901 Post Office Directory — Jonathan Batsford
- 1905 Kelly's London Directory — William F. Batsford
- 1907 Kelly's London Directory — William F. Batsford
- 1908 Kelly's London Directory — William F. Batsford
- 1910 Electoral Register — William Frederick Batsford
- 1910 Kelly's London Directory — William F. Batsford
- 1911 Electoral Register — William Frederick Batsford (abode given as 18 Argyle Road, Ilford)
- 1912 Electoral Register — William Frederick Batsford (abode given as 18 Argyle Road, Ilford)
- 1912 Kelly's London Directory — William F. Batsford
- 1914 Electoral Register — Henry Lee
- 1915 Electoral Register — Henry Lee
- 1915 Electoral Register — Harry Lee (b. 1892) and his father H. Lee (b. ~1863)
- 1921 Street Directory — Mrs Emily Lee
- 1924 — death certificate for Harry Lee (b. 1892), registered by his widow E.K. Lee
- 1924 — probate entry for Harry Lee (b. 1892)
- 1925 Kelly's London Directory — Harry Lee
- 1926 Kelly's London Directory — Harry Lee
- 1926 Post Office London Directory with County Suburbs — Harry Lee
- 1927 Kelly's London Directory — Mrs. Ellen Kathleen Lee
- 1930 Electoral Register — Ellen Kathleen Lee (abode 19 Edith Villas), Edward Morris, Edith Callahan, Edward George Bradley and Ida Irenee Bradley
- 1931 Post Office Directory — Edward George Bradley
- 1934 Kelly's Directory — Charles Percy Papworth
- 1938 Post Office Directory — Charles Percy Papworth
- 1939 Electoral Register — George Halleybone, Edith Halleybone, Frances Mary Loftus and Theresa O'Neil
- 1941 Post Office Directory — Mrs Eliz M Horridge
- The numbering of properties on Salmon Lane was changed sometime between 1856 and 1869. Prior to Kelly's 1869 Directory, several properties were numbered "1 Salmon Lane", including the Copenhagen Tavern.
- Spitalfields Life — contains many stories and archive photographs from the East End of London
- Screen Steps: Poplar, Limehouse, Stepney, Tower Hamlets
Notes & References
- ↑ Possibly named after Robert Salmon, a director of the East India Company in the early 1600s and who lived in the area.
- ↑ The Strand (1905) - In Limehouse and the Isle of Dogs
- ↑ Nights in London (1915) by Thomas Burke
- ↑ The Hitchcock biographers are vague on the exact date, but telephone directory entries show that it was before July 1908. Some sources, such as Spoto, state the move took place in 1907. McGilligan claims the summer of 1906, but this is unlikely as Hitchcock recalled watching the electric trams run outside his house and this service didn't commence until December 1906.
- ↑ Spoto claims the Hitchcock family temporarily moved back to Leytonstone during the First World War (following William's death) due to fears about bombing.
- ↑ Based on a description of 179 Salmon Lane which appeared in The Times (11/Feb/1922).
- ↑ There is no probate record for William's death in 1914, which indicates he died without leaving any sizeable assets, such as property or bank savings.
- ↑ The Hitchcock family could be contacted by telephoning London East 3332.
- ↑ This was a common thing to do at the time if you owned (or leased) more than one property.
- ↑ Wikipedia: Billingsgate Fish Market.
- ↑ London Street Directory in 1921
- ↑ At present, it's uncertain exactly where the flat was located and we may have to wait until the 1921 Census is made public.
- ↑ Both addresses were a 20 minute walk west of Cromwell Road.
- ↑ The First Blitz (2012) by Andrew Hyde, page 132. Hyde states that a "bomb fell near 164 Salmon Lane where it injured five men, two women and a child" and "191-213 were also damaged and a man injured".
- ↑ Alfred Hitchcock's Frenzy: The Last Masterpiece (2012) by Raymond Foery
- ↑ If William had been a successful businessman, it would have been necessary for his wife (as next of kin) to apply for a letter of administration following his death in order to act as probate over his estate. The fact he died without a will and no probate was requested implies he died without any sizeable assets and may even have been in debt.
- ↑ William John Hitchcock had married and was living with his wife in a fishmongery on Old Kent Road. If his father had died without leaving money to his family, which seems to be the case, William John would not have been able to afford to take on the leases on two other properties. Nothing was found in the historical records which links the Hitchcocks to Salmon Lane following the death of William Hitchcock.
- ↑ Hitchcock in Context (2014) by Stephane Duckett
- ↑ The teenage years of Alfred Hitchcock are poorly documented and McGillian states that he was living in a flat owned by one of his uncles by around 1916.
- ↑ Ellen Kathleen married in December 1915 and gave her address as 58 Chiddingstone Street, Fulham.
- ↑ An advertisement placed in The Times (19/Feb/1836) indicates that several properties on the corner of Salmon Lane and Copenhagen Place were torn down in the late 1830s and redeveloped — this may have included 175 Salmon Lane.
- ↑ Police Intelligence (26/Jan/1887)
- ↑ For Frenzy (1972), Hitchcock had the main character's name changed from "Richard Blamey" to "Richard Blaney" — the Blayney's seemed to be established fishmongers in the area, so did Hitchcock select the new character name on purpose?
- ↑ Namely William James Blayney (died 10/Jan/1933) and Frederick Blayney (likely died 06/Aug/1959).
- ↑ At the time of his death, he was living at 157 Earlham Grove, Forest Gate, Essex. His wife Amelia died 11/May/1926 at 44 Hampton Road, Forest Gate, leaving £334.
- ↑ Son of farmer John Hubbard Hitchcock (b. 1805) [son of John Stow Hitchcock (b. 1780?) and Susanna Hitchcock (b. 1777) née Hubbard of Sudbury] and his wife Caroline Hitchcock (b. ~1809) née Wright. Died 30/Jul/1911.
- ↑ Daughter of Charles Smith. She married Alfred Edwin on 04/Jun/1863 at St Mary, Stratford.
- ↑ Married 18/Apr/1892 to Josiah Phipps (b. ~1871) and they had 3 children. Died 20/Oct/1951.
- ↑ Married 12/Apr/1903 to Alfred Thomas Hussey (b. ~1873). Died 1963.
- ↑ Married 1899 to Jessie Alice ? (b. ~1877). Worked as an undertaker in the West Ham district.
- ↑ A user an Ancestry.co.uk has traced Alfred Edwin's branch back to Allen Hitchcock (b. ~1619) of Great Tay.
- ↑ Frederick William Hitchcock appears to have been in the Coldstream Guards and his 1875 discharge record lists his character as "very bad" with a note of "ignominy". He was a grocer on Salmon Lane by the time of the 1881 Census where he was fined for selling adulterated butter. He was later fined £10 in July 1887 for committing perjury. By 1891 he was a cheesemonger in Islington. By 1911, he was a hawker living by himself in West Ham. Likely died 1913 or 1915.
- ↑ Northampton Mercury (07/May/1887)
- ↑ London Standard (02/Dec/1893).
- ↑ In 1901, Herbert was living with his wife and newly born Bertha at 82 Plimsoll Road, Islington, where his occupation was "fish frier". Herbert was originally from Sussex. Bertha married James F. Cann in 1935 in the West Ham area, where William Hitchcock originated from.
- ↑ They were both born around 1837. George was the son of John George Scruby (b. ~1809).
- ↑ Possibly that was Charles Henry Phillips (b. 1878), born in Shoreditch, London, who was a poultry dealer living nearby on Dixon Street, Limehouse, at the time of the 1911 Census. He married Elizabeth Lowe in 1897 and they had had 6 children by 1911 (although 3 had died). In 1901 he was working as a shoemaker.
- ↑ Citikey.co.uk
- ↑ See London Street Directory in 1921. The public house (P.H.) marked on the map is the Copenhagen Tavern, which stood on the corner at number 183, so 175 is calculated from that location.
- ↑ The 1939 Electoral Register lists all four living at 122 Salmon Lane with no entry for 130.
- ↑ Also listed as owner of 112 Salmon Lane.
- ↑ This is the last entry and William is not listed in the 1915 Directory.
- ↑ Born around 1810 and married to Ann. 1851 Census lists them at the Old Red Lion, 103 Whitechapel Road, Whitechapel. Died 14/Jul/1861 leaving effects worth under £6,000.
- ↑ Likely Harry Lee (b. ~1863).
- ↑ Likely Harry Lee (b. ~1863).